"Mobile phones equipped with PC-like operating systems, GPS, internet connectivity, cameras, and video capabilities (e.g. smartphones) are used by 49% of Americans between the ages of 18 and 24. Immersed in digital technology from early childhood, members of this “Millennial Generation” are often frustrated with the passivity and isolation inherent in traditional forms of teaching. To meet the pedagogical challenges these students present, faculty are increasingly encouraged to emphasize group-based learning and incorporate technology in the classroom to better engage students and enhance learning."
Harnessing Smartphones for Ecological Education, Research, and Outreach. (2012) Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 93(4), 390-393.